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Environmental heterogeneity drives tsetse fly population dynamics and controluse asterix (*) to get italics
Cecilia H, Arnoux S, Picault S, Dicko A, Seck MT, Sall B, Bassene M, Vreysen M, Pagabeleguem S, Bance A, Bouyer J, Ezanno PPlease use the format "First name initials family name" as in "Marie S. Curie, Niels H. D. Bohr, Albert Einstein, John R. R. Tolkien, Donna T. Strickland"
<p>A spatially and temporally heterogeneous environment may lead to unexpected population dynamics. Knowledge still is needed on which of the local environment properties favour population maintenance at larger scale. For pathogen vectors, such as tsetse flies transmitting human and animal African trypanosomosis, such a knowledge is crucial to design relevant management strategies. We developed an original mechanistic spatio-temporal model of tsetse fly population dynamics, accounting for combined effects of spatial complexity, density-dependence, and temperature on the age-structured population, and parametrized with field and laboratory data. We confirmed the strong impact of temperature and adult mortality on tsetse populations. We showed that the coldest cells with the smallest variations in temperature acted as refuges when adult mortality was homogeneously increased, control being less effective in such refuges. In contrast, targeting the cells contributed the most to population management, i.e. those of highest carrying capacity and the most impacted by increased mortality, resulted in a decline in population size with a similar efficacy, but resulted in more dispersed individuals, control efficacy being no longer related to temperature. Population resurgence after control was slow, but could be very high locally in refuges, with highly contrasted situations after a heterogeneous control, refuges being located at the interface between controlled and uncontrolled zones. Our results highlighted the importance of baseline data collection to characterize the targeted ecosystem before any control measure is implemented.</p> should fill this box only if you chose 'All or part of the results presented in this preprint are based on data'. URL must start with http:// or https:// should fill this box only if you chose 'Scripts were used to obtain or analyze the results'. URL must start with http:// or https:// should fill this box only if you chose 'Codes have been used in this study'. URL must start with http:// or https://
Disease vectors | Mechanistic modelling | Spatio-temporal dynamics | Experimental and field data | Mortality scenarios
NonePlease indicate the methods that may require specialised expertise during the peer review process (use a comma to separate various required expertises).
Biological control, Population ecology, Spatial ecology, Metacommunities & Metapopulations
No need for them to be recommenders of PCIEcology. Please do not suggest reviewers for whom there might be a conflict of interest. Reviewers are not allowed to review preprints written by close colleagues (with whom they have published in the last four years, with whom they have received joint funding in the last four years, or with whom they are currently writing a manuscript, or submitting a grant proposal), or by family members, friends, or anyone for whom bias might affect the nature of the review - see the code of conduct
e.g. John Doe []
2018-12-14 12:13:39
Benjamin Roche